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Intelligent technology is the key of building green and energy saving
Green buildings are the product of the information age and have the characteristics of an obvious information age. It introduces the concept of sustainable development into the field of architecture. It is a modern building that uses intelligent technology and high-tech energy-saving and environmental protection. It has become the dominant trend of modern architecture. From the perspective of overall design, green buildings combine modern building technology with building intelligent technology, energy saving and emission reduction technology, and new energy application technology. Among them, building intelligent technology is mainly related to information technology and other high-tech. It is functional, but it is the key to ensuring that building energy efficiency is achieved.
Research on intelligent buildings at home and abroad
The City Square Smart Building in Hartford, the capital of Connecticut, was built in 1984. It is a 38-story office building with digital program-controlled switches and automatic monitoring of fire and security.
In 1986, the Honda Castle Building and the Shinagawa Building, which were built in Japan, including the later office buildings of Matsushita, Mitsui, Toshiba, etc., all have a perfect system, and the equipment and architectural design are harmonious. These systems built by these companies are mainly for their own use, to improve work efficiency, but also to improve corporate image. In the late 1980s, smart buildings were popular all over the world. This was mainly due to advances in computer, communication, and control of electronic technologies, especially microelectronics. In the field of building automation, communication networks, and building systems integration. The development of leap.
In the mid-to-late 1980s, the Institute of Computing Technology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences conducted a “feasibility study on intelligent office buildings” to explore the development of intelligent office buildings. In the late 1980s, an earlier number of buildings with relatively complete intelligent facilities and systems appeared. The real popularity and promotion of China's "smart buildings" was in the tide of reform and opening up in 1992.
Today's society emphasizes a green, low-carbon living environment. Combining intelligent buildings with green buildings is a basic requirement for sustainability and an inevitable direction for the intelligent development of modern buildings. The so-called sustainable intelligent technology refers to the sustainable development of green buildings, and the technologies it advocates are in line with the principle of sustainable development. The sustainability of building intelligence requires that the concept of green building must be adhered to in the planning, design, development, use and management of intelligent buildings. Water and other resources should be used more effectively to reduce damage to the environment and provide users with Healthy and safe living and working environment. The introduction of intelligent and informational systems in green buildings, their configuration is both current and future, that is, to meet the requirements of the open principle, adaptability and compatibility for adding or updating equipment in the system, with advancement and expansion. Sex and flexibility.
Smart technology escorts green buildings
Green buildings are a complex system compared to ordinary buildings. They not only impose higher requirements on energy consumption and energy efficiency of systems such as lighting and air conditioning, but also use renewable energy systems such as solar energy and heat pumps. The superposition of energy-saving equipment and products does not necessarily lead to a reduction in building energy consumption and an increase in energy efficiency. The key is whether the systems can be matched and coordinated. This requires modern technology to replace traditional manual methods to help people grasp and judge the energy consumption of buildings in real time.
Using intelligent technology in green buildings, we can not only use computer, network and other advanced technology equipment to comprehensively monitor and control the operation of various systems such as power distribution, lighting, cold and heat sources, air conditioning, water supply and drainage, and transportation. To make the facility in optimal operation, to achieve energy saving, and to improve the safety of the building.
Intelligent technology is the technical guarantee of green buildings. Only by analyzing the energy efficiency and environmental protection efficiency and defects of buildings through real-time data can improve building performance. Intelligent systems affect the overall effectiveness of green building operations. For example, intelligent technology can optimize the operation control and management of renewable energy systems; the water and wastewater treatment and reuse system can also effectively pollute water resources while ensuring the effective use of water resources through intelligent automatic control systems. Reduce to a minimum. The use of intelligent technical means can realize the quantitative and refined property management, and ensure the safe, comfortable, efficient, energy-saving and environmentally friendly operation of buildings.
Intelligentization needs to be considered comprehensively in the design phase
The practice of intelligent green building has begun in China. For example, Tianjin's first project to pass the national green building two-star design logo – Tianjin Renheng Haihe Square Project (residential part) has adopted an intelligent system and is currently in good operating condition. The roof of Meixihu Primary School, a green primary school in Changsha City, Hunan Province, uses intelligent adjustable shading equipment.
The intelligentization of green buildings is inseparable from the application of various new technologies and equipments. These technologies and equipment are interdisciplinary and cross-disciplinary. How to realize the coordinated operation of various systems, equipment and technologies is a major challenge. To this end, some experts pointed out that the intelligentization of green buildings should be jointly participated by the relevant units in the early stage of design, and the overall design. It is reported that foreign green buildings will introduce participation in different fields such as heating, ventilation, lighting and intelligence in the early stage of design. At present, in China, the development, planning, design, construction, and operation phases of buildings are clearly divided, and different units are responsible. Therefore, how to consider the intelligence of buildings in advance in the early stage of design has become an important topic for the in-depth study of the development of green buildings in China.
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