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Promote the comprehensive utilization of solid waste, the ban becomes a "reverse hand"
policies and regulations
American social analyst Tofler predicted in the "Third Wave": "After the agricultural revolution, industrial revolution, computer revolution, another wave that affects the survival and development of mankind will be the garbage that will appear at the turn of the century. revolution."
In July 2017, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Implementation Plan for the Reform of the Importation of Solid Waste Import Management System for the Prohibition of Foreign Waste Entry" （hereinafter referred to as the "Program"）， requiring a total ban on the entry of foreign waste, improving the management system for imported solid waste, and strengthening solid waste. Recycling management, vigorously develop circular economy, effectively improve environmental quality, safeguard national ecological environment and the health of the people.
Since then, a ban has blew the horn of China's import solid waste management reform. In a blink of an eye, a year has passed, and what role does the "foreign garbage" ban play? Is it effective to improve the level of prevention and control of solid waste pollution in China and promote the construction of ecological civilization in China? What is the impact on the international community?
Block the entrance of "foreign garbage"
The international community is becoming more rational
Once upon a time, China was taken for granted as the world's largest garbage dump. Since the 1980s, with the development of China's manufacturing industry, from domestic garbage, medical waste to electronic waste, a worldwide supply of garbage has flooded into the country. .
Since 1996, China has begun to implement administrative license management for the import of solid waste, and has issued an import catalogue, which regulates the total amount and quantity of imported products every year. It is hoped that the plastics, papermaking and other raw materials will be insufficient through the appropriate import of solid waste. However, in this process, more and more people are involved in the smuggling of "foreign garbage", and under the "profiteering", it is also promoting the "foreign garbage".
When the "foreign garbage" ban came out, the first thing to do was to trigger the "butterfly effect" around the world, and to search for relevant news with "foreign garbage" as the key word. "China issued a foreign garbage ban, the world has blown up", "American garbage Headlines such as "clustered mountains" and "Chinese foreign garbage bans make the United Kingdom unprepared" are everywhere.
Since the promulgation of the "Program", since August 2017, China has adjusted the import waste management catalogue three times. Among them, the first batch of adjustment catalogues will take effect on December 31, 2017, and the import environment has been completely banned. Strong solid waste; the second and third batches will be implemented from December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2019 respectively. After three adjustments, the types of solid waste that can be used as raw materials in the catalogue will be reduced from 7 categories and 66 types to 18 categories.
After the short-term fluctuations and panic, although the "foreign garbage" ban continues, the international community's attitude toward the foreign garbage ban is becoming more rational, and it is forced to accelerate the reform of the former garbage exporting countries such as the United States and the United States. Waste recycling and technological innovation.
On January 23, the EU announced its first plan to dispose of plastic waste, which will phase out disposable plastics. The goal is that by 2030, all plastic packaging used in the EU must be recycled.
British Prime Minister Teresa May also said that the UK will eliminate all avoidable plastic waste within 25 years.
From a global perspective, more and more people realize that it is not feasible to transfer environmental pollution to other countries in a short period of time to solve the garbage problem fundamentally. It is also necessary to use advanced technology to recycle plastic and other garbage. Reprocessing, establishing a complete recycling system, or using biodegradable materials that are degradable and non-polluting, so as to better prevent garbage pollution.
On the other hand, domestically, a considerable number of domestic renewable energy recycling enterprises have the characteristics of "scatter, chaos and pollution", which aggravate the negative impact on the ecological environment and endanger people's living environment.
Li Ganjie, Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said: "Prohibiting the entry of foreign garbage and promoting the reform of the import management system for solid waste can effectively cut off the supply of raw materials for 'scattering pollution' enterprises, fundamentally eradicate the hiding place of foreign garbage, and improve the quality and maintenance of the ecological environment. National ecological security plays an important role."
Further improve the long-term mechanism
Accelerate the reform of solid waste disposal
According to the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, in 2017, the actual import volume of solid waste in China decreased by 9.2% year-on-year, of which the import volume of restricted solid waste decreased by 12%. In the first quarter of this year, the import volume of solid waste in China decreased by 57% year-on-year. Imports of restricted solid waste fell by 64%. The data shows that the gradual reduction of the types of imported solid waste is a good start and is conducive to the governance of the "foreign waste" problem.
On May 22, the General Administration of Customs launched a third round of concentrated action against the "foreign garbage" smuggling "blue sky 2018" special. This is the largest scale of smuggling of "foreign garbage" carried out by the Customs in recent years. Through concentrated special attacks, we will fully investigate a large number of waste smuggling cases, eradicate a batch of waste smuggling gangs, cut off a number of waste smuggling channels and chains, and resolutely intercept "foreign garbage" outside the country.
It can be said that after the introduction of the "foreign garbage" ban, it is not easy to solve the problem of garbage. To this end, experts pointed out that in addition to special actions, the solution to the problem of "foreign garbage" needs to find a long-term way, including establishing a sound The environmental protection legal system further regulates and clarifies the imported solid waste from the legal level.
In fact, the cessation of importing "foreign garbage" will play a very positive role in further stimulating the development of domestic solid waste recycling industry and waste separation and recycling. Taking the waste plastics industry as an example, the annual import volume of China's waste plastics has soared from 300,000 tons in 1992 to 7.34 million tons in 2016. After the import is stopped, Chinese waste plastics enterprises will face a shortage of raw materials of several million tons per year. Domestic waste sorting and solid waste recycling systems are filled.
In addition, only when the waste classification is further promoted in China, the pace of rejecting "foreign garbage" in China will be even greater. Fortunately, after the National Development and Reform Commission issued the "Opinions on Innovation and Improvement of the Green Development Price Mechanism", China first proposed garbage metering charges. With the improvement of the solid waste treatment charging mechanism, local governments began to further promote waste sorting.
Taking Shanghai as an example, Shanghai has always been at the forefront of waste sorting. Not long ago, the Shanghai Municipal People's Government issued the Action Plan for the Construction of the Whole Process Classification System for Domestic Waste （2018-2020） （the "Action Plan"）。
The Action Plan proposes that Shanghai will pay more attention to global coverage. In 2018, six districts of Jing'an, Changning, Yangpu, Songjiang, Fengxian and Chongming will promote the whole region. In 2019, the six districts of Huangpu, Xuhui, Putuo, Minhang, Jiading and Jinshan will promote the whole region. In 2020, the whole city will fully promote the whole region. .
In short, for domestic recycling enterprises, the rejection of "foreign garbage" will help the transformation and upgrading of enterprises in a certain sense. It not only promotes the development of roads with domestic solid waste as the main raw material, but also puts forward higher requirements for the classification and collection of wastes at the front end, and pushes up the classification of waste and the improvement of garbage disposal capacity.
As experts have emphasized, the prohibition of foreign garbage entry and promotion of the reform of the import management system for solid waste is the reverse of improving the level of domestic solid waste recycling. The development of renewable resources industry has become an important way to solve the contradiction of resource shortage and realize the sustainable recycling of resources on a global scale. China has included resource recycling industry in strategic emerging industries, but the construction of domestic solid waste recycling system still lags behind the development needs of solid waste processing and utilization industries.
The insiders said that the reform of the solid waste import management system and the reduction of the variety and quantity of solid waste imports can effectively promote the development of the domestic solid waste recycling industry, eliminate backward and excess production capacity, and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of related industries.
Say no to "foreign garbage". China is firm and serious. After a ban, the global society is not only a panic, but also a new storm of environmental change. It requires the world to work together to promote the improvement of environmental governance and the vigorous development of the recycling industry. This is also the wish and pursuit of building a beautiful China.
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